Thursday, May 22, 2008

What is a patch panel used for?

This is a 24 port rack mount patch panel from FOURPAIR.com:
Picture of a 24 Port Patch Panel from FOURPAIR.com.  Patch panel is 19 inches long by 1.75 inches tall and black.  There are 24 RJ45 ports on the front and each is numbered (1 to 24).  There is a very small white space above each port for labeling.
A patch panel separates the hardwiring of your network from your networking equipment. Each run of cable that goes throughout the house or building is punched down on the back of the patch panel. Here is what the punch down area on the back of a patch panel looks like:




Rather than RJ45 ports, this side is equipped with punch down terminations and color-coding for T568A and T568B wiring. There are also independent verification testing symbols for UL and 3P.

Each set of punch down terminations corresponds to a port on the front of the panel. Patch Cables connect the ports on the front of the patch panel (or panels) to your networking equipment (such as switches, hubs, and routers).

Some people get by without a patch panel by putting crimp-on connectors on the ends of their runs and plugging them directly into their networking equipment. This can be done when a budget is especially tight, but it's something to avoid if possible as it can result in a great deal of confusion and mess when you try to change anything in the future since it results in loose cables dangling out of the wall or ceiling.

11 Comments:

At July 22, 2008 at 11:24 AM, Blogger kaicevy said...

This is a 24 port rack mount patch panel from FOURPAIR

 
At March 25, 2009 at 6:59 AM, Blogger Along Parker said...

This is very useful. I believe us.buuuz.com can learn so much from this.

 
At July 13, 2009 at 8:34 AM, Anonymous excITingIP.com said...

This is good info. I am trying to find out the basic information for patch panel all over the internet, and not able to find! The picture you have given was particularly useful.

excITingIP.com

 
At December 6, 2009 at 5:42 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Thanks for the picture. I'm preparing for my Network+ exam and needed a clean picture for my personal study notes.

 
At January 1, 2010 at 2:05 PM, Blogger Haider Khan said...

^^same here

 
At July 25, 2011 at 1:33 AM, Blogger maneesh said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

 
At August 12, 2012 at 2:23 PM, Anonymous Suraj said...

Hey very good information. Useful.

 
At September 8, 2012 at 1:04 PM, Anonymous Rebecca said...

Goodness, there is a lot of worthwhile info above!

 
At October 1, 2012 at 4:16 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

This explanation still doesn't make sense to me. What are you talking about dangling wires. How does a patch panel prevent dangling wires, a wall jack prevents this. A device is plugged into a wall jack, the wall jack is wired to plug into a switch, the router is plugged into the switch. So why a patch panel in the middle? It's redundant is it not.

 
At December 1, 2012 at 7:04 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I think a patch panel is just another thing that can cause troubles. I connected all the network cables directly to my switch and voila. 3 years without any troubles. I'm trying to think what would be the benefit of using a patch panel but i cannot find any other than the looks of the rack...
From the patch panel to the switch beautiful looking factory made cables and that's it.

 
At July 12, 2013 at 8:34 AM, Blogger NicolaJane said...

Good information, its hard to find info on patch panels that's explained in a way that's not full of too many technical terms etc. I've defiantly got a better understanding now. Thanks..

 

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